Conococheague (pronounced Konica-Jig) Settlement is a well-preserved historic farmstead that was established in the early 18th century in southern Franklin County, Pennsylvania, near the village of Welsh Run. Our 30-acre site is listed on the National Register of Historic Places and includes two historic house museums with outbuildings, a research library, two relocated historic log structures, walking trails with access to a pioneer cemetery, and several historic gardens. Conococheague is a Native American word often defined as, "long indeed, very long indeed" making reference to the winding Conococheague Creek that makes its way through the area.
Backstory and Context
Rock Hill Farm was established in the early 18th century and settled by three distinctive ethnic groups -- Welsh, English/Scots-Irish and Pennsylvania Germans. The historic and re-built structures on the site provide architectural references for each of these groups. A 7,000 volume library is stocked with loads of local history and primary source genealogy documents as well as an eclectic collection of volumes on local fauna and flora, and early homeopathic medicine from the collection of the Institute's founder.
A striking feature on the grounds are the hundreds of rose bushes representing over 100 species of old garden roses. They represent varieties that the Welsh, Scots-Irish and English settlers on the Conococheague frontier would have recognized, plus some American varieties. The majority of the roses may be found in bloom in May each year.
The site is open year 'round with special events held in April, May, September and December.
About the Conococheague Institute. Conococheague Institute website. Accessed November 12, 0017. http://www.cimlg.org/aboutus.html.
Stauffer, John. Bricker, Calvin. James McCullogh's Book: A Glimpse into Life on the Colonial Frontier. Conococheague Institute, 2015.