Is this your first time here?

Each day, Clio connects thousands of people to nearby culture and history. Our website and mobile app are free for everyone and designed to make it easy to discover cultural and historical sites throughout the United States. You can search for nearby sites, take a walking tour, create your own itinerary, or simply go for a walk or drive and let Clio show you nearby sites using our mobile app. Clio is non-profit and free for everyone thanks to the support of people like you. Donations are tax- deductible! Click here to learn more!

Caddo Mounds State Historic Site

Historic Sites, Monuments, Landmarks, and Public Art (State Historical Landmark)


Caddo Mounds State Historic Site is a prehistoric village and ceremonial center located on the original El Camino Real de los Tejas trail, dating before European exploration. The museum exhibits approximately 200 artifacts dating from A.D. 750–A.D. 1400, including pottery, tools, and weapons. Visitors can walk the 0.7 mile self-guided interpretive trail to see the Caddo’s burial, low temple, and ceremonial mounds. An additional trail along the El Camino Real is also available.

View of the mounds site


The Caddo Indians settled this area in about A.D. 800 and stayed for around five centuries, conducting economic and social business throughout the region with other native groups from places "as far as present day Illinois and Florida."

Archeologist have found no evidence of war at the site, so it is thought that the Caddo left the area due to "the loss of their regional influence as outlying hamlets and trade groups became self-sufficient and grew less dependent on the cultural center in religious and political matters."

Up until the 1830s, the Hasinai Caddo groups resided in East Texas, but in the early 1840s the Caddo, forced out by Anglo-Americans, relocated to the Brazos River area. Eventually the national government placed the remaining Caddo tribes on the Brazos Indian Reservation in 1855 and then the Washita River in Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma) in 1859. The Caddo still exist and live in the Caddo Nation Headquarters near Binger, Oklahoma.


Caddo Mounds State Historic Site
Alto, TX 75925
Phone Number
Tuesday–Sunday, 8:30 a.m.–4:30 p.m.
  • Native American History
User Created Tours That Include This Entry
This location was created on 2014-08-03 by Michael Tanner .   It was last updated on 2015-07-10 by Amber Wright .

This entry has been viewed 431 times within the past year


  • No comments found.

Join The Discussion

Only registered users can comment. Registration is completely free!

Login / Register

ResponsiveVoice used under Non-Commercial License