Yosemite Museum, Yosemite National Park
Until 1849, Native Americans were the main residents of the Yosemite Valley, located in California’s Sierra Nevada mountain range. The gold rush brought thousands of miners and settlers to the region, and conservation minded citizens united with advocates of hunting and outdoor recreation to preserve the Valley’s ecosystem. Conservationists convinced President Abraham Lincoln to declare Yosemite Valley a public trust of California in 1864. This marked the first time the U.S. government protected land for public enjoyment and laid the foundation for the establishment of the national and state park systems.
In the late 1880s, John Muir drew the public's attention to the destruction of the Valley's vast meadows by sheep grazing and the continued danger of the Valley posed by the logging industry. Muir and Robert Underwood Johnson, a fellow environmentalist and influential magazine editor, worked to convince Congress to save 1,500 square miles of land. These lands would later become Yosemite National Park, America’s third national park. In 1906, the state-controlled Yosemite Valley came under federal jurisdiction with the rest of the park.
In 1890, Congress approved legislation creating Yosemite National Park and the bill was signed into law by President Benjamin Harrison. The park is best known for the Half Dome and giant sequoia trees. Environmental trailblazer John and his colleagues campaigned for the congressional action.
SourcesA&E Television Networks, LLC. Yosemite National Park established. 2017. Website. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/yosemite-national-park-established
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