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Yosemite Museum, Yosemite National Park

Historic Sites, Monuments, Landmarks, and Public Art (National Historic Landmark)

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Designed by National Park architect Herbert Maier and constructed between 1923 and 1925, Yosemite's museum became the first in the National Park Service and remains one of the oldest buildings in the area. The museum offers exhibits about the history of Yosemite Valley and the Park Service, as well as Native Americans who were the sole human inhabitants of the Yosemite Valley until the 1849. The acquisition of priceless Native American artifacts inspired the design of the building, with a "fireproof" concrete base that could protect the artifacts on the museum's first floor in the case of a fire. Yosemite National Park is best known for its ancient sequoia trees Bridalveil Falls, and the granite cliffs of El Capitan and Half Dome.

Yosemite National Park
Yosemite National Park view
The museum became the first in the National Park Service when it opened on May 29, 1926

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Until 1849, Native Americans were the main residents of the Yosemite Valley, located in California’s Sierra Nevada mountain range. The gold rush brought thousands of miners and settlers to the region, and conservation minded citizens united with advocates of hunting and outdoor recreation to preserve the Valley’s ecosystem. Conservationists convinced President Abraham Lincoln to declare Yosemite Valley a public trust of California in 1864. This marked the first time the U.S. government protected land for public enjoyment and laid the foundation for the establishment of the national and state park systems.

In the late 1880s, John Muir drew the public's attention to the destruction of the Valley's vast meadows by sheep grazing and the continued danger of the Valley posed by the logging industry. Muir and Robert Underwood Johnson, a fellow environmentalist and influential magazine editor, worked to convince Congress to save 1,500 square miles of land. These lands would later become Yosemite National Park, America’s third national park. In 1906, the state-controlled Yosemite Valley came under federal jurisdiction with the rest of the park.

In 1890, Congress approved legislation creating Yosemite National Park and the bill was signed into law by President Benjamin Harrison. The park is best known for the Half Dome and giant sequoia trees. Environmental trailblazer John and his colleagues campaigned for the congressional action. 

Sources

A&E Television Networks, LLC. Yosemite National Park established. 2017. Website. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/yosemite-national-park-established

Phone Number
(209) 372-0200
Tags
  • Environmental History
  • Native American History
This location was created on 2017-08-14 by Aimee Carr .   It was last updated on 2017-09-09 by Clio Admin .

This entry has been viewed 95 times within the past year

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