Each day, Clio connects thousands of people to nearby culture and history. Our website and mobile app are free for everyone and designed to make it easy to discover cultural and historical sites throughout the United States. You can search for nearby sites, take a walking tour, create your own itinerary, or simply go for a walk or drive and let Clio show you nearby sites using our mobile app. Clio is non-profit and free for everyone thanks to the support of people like you. Donations are tax- deductible! Click here to learn more!
Kahoolawe Island Reserve
When missionaries arrived in Hawaii in the 1830s, they brought with them a new set of moral and legal codes. As a result, the death penalty was abolished and replaced with a sentence of exile. The island was chosen as an obvious place for this new form of punishment, but this only lasted until 1853. In 1857 only about 50 people lived on the island and the government opened it up for ranching. Though at time successful, the unreliability of rainfall and lack of fresh water sources made ranching very difficult. One of these ranchers, Angus MacPhee, leased a portion of his land to the U.S. Army in early 1941. After the attack on Pearl Harbor, the U.S. government instituted martial law and took over control of the island and began its the decades-long use of it as a training/bomging ground. Hawaiian efforts to stop this use began in the 1970s. It wasn't until 1990 that this officially ceased. Efforts to clean up the island of unexploded ordinance and restore its natural state continue today.
Sources"Kahoolawe." Wikipedia. Accessed September 6, 2016. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kahoolawe. "Kaho'olawe History." Kahoʻolawe Island Reserve Commission. Accessed September 6, 2016. http://kahoolawe.hawaii.gov/history.shtml.
This entry has been viewed 451 times within the past year