James Whitcomb Riley Home
In 1893, Indiana's celebrated "Hoosier Poet," James Whitcomb Riley was invited by his longtime friends Charles and Magdalena Holstein to move in with them at their Victorian two-story, red brick house on Lockerbie Street in Indianapolis. Technically, Riley was a boarder, as he paid rent to the Holsteins. However, Riley lived as if he were a family member and became deeply fond of this house, which he considered his home. Riley remained there until his death at age 66 in 1916. Very soon afterward, local fans of the poet formed the Riley Memorial Association to purchase and preserve the house in Riley's memory, and this Association later became the Riley Children's Foundation. The Riley Home was included in the National Register of Historic Places in 1966.
Backstory and Context
In 1972, a prosperous Indianapolis baker, John H. Nickum, built a two-story Victorian house of red brick on Lockerbie Street in Indianapolis in the Italianate style, which was very popular in the 1860s and 1870s. Its design included high arched windows, a central tower at the south facade, and a white porch with wooden archways and a carved balustrade. Nickum's wife, his daughter Magdalena and her husband, Major Charles Holstein, also moved into the house with him.
Major Holstein, a Harvard Law graduate and former U.S. Assistant Attorney, as well as a poet himself, befriended the famous poet James Whitcomb Riley, who frequently was a welcome guest at the house. At that time he stayed at the Denison Hotel whenever he was not traveling, but in 1893, when the poet was in his early-to-mid 40s, the Holsteins suggested that he move in with them as a paying guest, and Riley took them up on the offer. He came to call the house, affectionately, "Lockerbie Land," as it gave him the secure domestic environment he wanted. Also, as his poetry nostalgically extolled ordinary Americans in rustic settings, the spacious and comfortable but far from grand house was much more appropriate to his public image than an imposing mansion would have been.
A few years after his death, a group of prominent Indianapolis citizens, including author Booth Tarkington, formed the Riley Memorial Association, which preserved the Riley home as a museum, with much of the furniture and many of Riley's personal effects, including his writing desk and top hat and cane, intact. (In a sense, however, calling the structure the "Riley Home" is misleading, as the poet neither built nor ever owned the house.) The house is the most prominent landmark of the Lockerbie Square Historic District. In 1921, the Association became the Riley Children's Foundation, which, in addition to preserving the house, now runs a children's hospital and a summer camp.
Cottman, George S. "Some Reminiscences of James Whitcomb Riley," Indiana Magazine of History, vol. 14, no. 2 (June 1918), pp. 99–107. In JSTOR.
Van Allen, Elizabeth J. (1999). James Whitcomb Riley: a life. Indiana University Press.