Backstory and Context
Bill Garrett won the award Mr Indiana Basketball which is awareded to the best high school basketball player in the state. Before Indiana recruited Bill Garrett, the Big Ten had a pact called the “Gentlemans Agreement” which prevented African Americans to be recruited and play for Big Ten varsity teams. However, Farburn DeFrantz , the executive director of the YMCA saw the potential of Garret and decided to meet with Indiana University president Herman B Wells to make a case for Garret to be allowed to play for the Hoosiers. The result was Wellls deciding to break the agreement and in 1947 Bill Garrett broke the Collegiate Basketball racial barrier. Shortly after joining he became the best player on the team his great performance on the court led him to be later selected as an all-american. He opened the door for modern basketball because a year after Garrett graduated from IU there were already six other African American’s on Big Ten teams, he also became the third African American to be selected in the NBA draft.
Indiana University Athletics. “DIPRIMIO: Bill Garrett, A Hoosier Man of Substance.” Indiana University Athletics, Indiana University Athletics, 10 Feb. 2019, iuhoosiers.com/news/2019/2/10/mens-basketball-diprimio-bill-garrett-a-hoosier-man-of-substance.aspx.
Graham, Tom, and Rachel Cody. Getting Open: the Unknown Story of Bill Garrett and the Integration of College Basketball. Indiana University Press, 2008.