Lexington Civic Center
Theater on opening day, 1948
“Steamboat ‘Round the Bend” at the Carolina Theatre
Art Gallery in the Civic Center
View from the over 1000 seats in the theater
Outside view showing the different entrances for Caucasian and African American patrons.
Backstory and Context
Erle Stillwell was the designer of the Carolina Theater. The building is in Downtown Lexington right in the middle of Main Street. Being a textile and manufacturing town Lexington needed an escape from the mundane everyday tasks of life. The theater was this escape for them. In the early days of the theater it was partially damaged by a fire. As a result of this the manager of the theater had to ask a local school if they could show movies at the school’s auditorium. During this time Stillwell decided that he would complete the renovations and also expand the theater. Being that the theater was wedged in between other buildings the expansion meant that he would have to lengthen the building. He made it that the theater was able to seat 779 people that would attend the movie. He also added a 27-foot-deep stage. The theater was segregated being that it was opened in 1948. The African Americans that would attend would have to enter on the far-right side of the building and go upstairs. Upstairs they would have all of the same amenities as the white patrons, things like concessions, lounges, and restrooms. The only thing is that their amenities were smaller than that of their white counterparts. On their opening day they showed a film called “The Paleface.” The Carolina Theater operated this way from 1948 until 1976.
Then in 1976 Edward C. Smith purchased the building and donated it to the city of Lexington. They then renovated it and reopened it as the Lexington Civic Center in May of 1980. Then in 1987 Smith purchased the building next door and also donated it to the city of Lexington. They then renovated that building to turn it into a ballroom, dressing rooms, and a scene shop. Since that major renovation there have been some other smaller ones that make the theater what it is today. Things like adding new seats, a hydraulic orchestra pit and updated lighting and sound systems.
In the current day the Smith Civic Center is used as a youth theater. Children and students from schools in and around Davidson County use it as a place to perform. Some schools will use it as a learning tool in some ways, the chorus or music teachers will take their students to a show and have them take notes about what they’ve noticed, and many other things. Other things that go on in the Civic Center is art. There is an art gallery in the hallway leading into the theater, the art is also from students in the county, as well as artists from around the state. They also host some private events for some people in the ballroom. It is very much alive and well, maybe even prospering in its current state.
History, Smith Civic Center. Accessed February 26th 2020. https://www.smithciviccenter.org/about/history/.
Going to the Show, DocSouth . Accessed February 29th 2020. http://gtts.oasis.unc.edu/learn/commentary/Stillwell_Carolina_Lexington.html.