Bellingham Elks (B.P.O.E.) Building
The historic B.P.O.E. Building was erected in 1913 and was the home of the local Elk chapter for several decades.
Backstory and Context
The BPOE and other fraternal organizations began to form in the late 1800s. Generally speaking, their primary purpose was to provide opportunities for leading men in the community to network and socialize. Over time, many adopted philanthropic, cultural, or social causes and also constructed their own local headquarters buildings that were often referred to as lodges, temples, or shrines. As the fraternal orders grew in size they transitioned from meeting in private homes to rented space to building their own structure and using part of the building for their space while renting the rest of the building out for income. When this building was completed, it was considered one of the most striking in the city. It was also built during in a period in which the city was experiencing significant growth.
The BPOE, whose members were important political and business figures, became one of the most influential organizations in Bellingham. The lodge's prominent location also contributed to the group's prestigious status. Its members participated in charitable, patriotic, and civic causes, and also supported youth activities. At the lodge, members did not only conduct official Elk activities, they could also participate in recreational activities including playing pool, bowling, and playing cards.
The Elks left the lodge in 1971 after they constructed a new building in the suburbs. The former lodge building has since been vacant or occupied by a variety of businesses including nightclubs and restaurants.
"BPOE Building (1414 Cornwall Avenue)." City of Bellingham. Accessed February 7, 2020. https://www.cob.org/services/planning/historic/buildings/Pages/bpoe-building.aspx.
Griffith, Greg. "B.P.O.E. Building." National Park Service - National Register of Historic Places Nomination Form. March 26, 1992. https://npgallery.nps.gov/GetAsset/6fe49adc-6113-4796-887c-22d889401a3e.
Wikimedia Commons: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:B.P.O.E._Building.JPG.