As part of this mission, Offutt directed flights of nuclear-armed aircraft around the globe during every single day of the Cold War. Even if the an aggressor succeeded in launching an all-out attack on the US, it was believed, it would be impossible to destroy all of the squadrons of bombers and refuelling planes. So long as the US maintained this readiness, it was believed that neither the Soviet Union nor any other nation would attack the US because it would lead to mutually-assured destruction. Although the Cold War is over and Offutt's mission has changed, Offutt remains the headquarters of Air Combat Command and U.S. Strategic Command.
The museum has recently established a partnership with the University of Nebraska at Omaha’s Office of STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) Education to provide educational opportunities for students and adults.