The battle began on November 30 on the outskirts of Franklin in Harpeth Valley. Union soldiers were positioned near Harpeth River and were marching toward Nashville. They made up a defensive line on Harpeth River. The Confederate army marched over there to fight in order to stop the march. They arrived about two miles from Franklin with 20,000 soldiers where General Hood decided to launch a frontal assault as a final strategy to stop the march into Nashville. The battle began around 4 pm. The amount of casualties grew as soldiers from each side were being shot at and clubbed. Even families from the surrounding battlefield were being engulfed by the conflict. At one point Union soldiers brought in recruits, but the Confederates still broke through the lines. In the end, the Union army retreated from the town and left what remained of the Confederate army. Out of the 10,000 soldiers that were recorded as casualties, 3/4s were Confederates. Around 2,300 died with about 1,000 soldiers taken prisoner.
Today there are continuous efforts to make Franklin a national or state park, but so far these attempts have failed. Nearly 15 million has been spent to preserve the area by other factions.