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Parris Island is a historic training facility for the United States Marine Corps. Before becoming a Marine every recruit is sent to a boot camp; those who enlist west of Mississippi will likely go to San Diego and the rest will go to Parris Island. Women recruits however can only be sent to Parris Island. The U.S. Marines date to 1798 when Congress designated them as a separate service. This military base is a significant part of military history and remains in operation today. Parris Island produces around 17,000 recruits every year.
Backstory and Context
In 1562 a French expedition lead by Jean Ribaut, was the first European group to attempt to colonize Parris Island. Eventually Parris Island became home to British plantations after being purchased by Colonel Alexander Parris. Treasure of the South Carolina colony in 1750 period during and after the civil war the island became home to freed slaves, they attended school and live their daily lives period union forces captured Port Royal in 1861 Parris island became a calling station for the Navy. Eventually the war ended answer to the Marines but it on July 11th of 1798 it became its own branch. Robert Smalls who was a former slave-turned-congressman and fought for the creation of a new federal military on the island. Marines were first stationed on the island in 1891 as a small security detachment led by first Sergeant Richard Donovan. Port Royal was the runner of Paris Allen.
In 1890 and 1893 there were massive tidal waves that swept over the island destroying buildings and homes of the Marines. Parris island was officially designated as a United States marine core recruit depot on November 1, 1915. During World War One the first platoon of the Marines saw battle in France. More than 46,000 Marines were trained to fight in World War One. After the bombing In Hawaii on December 7th, 1941 5,272 Marines arrived at Parris island, in the month after that 9206 arrived. This created the 4th and 5th battalions of the United States Marine Corps.
1941 through 1945 the Marines trained over 200,000 recruits were trained here and at the time of the Japanese surrender the Depot contained 20,000 recruits, In 1946 Marine Corps leaders reorganized Paris island and decided to give it a designation that would reflect its primary mission the training of recruits therefore the world famous marine core recruit Depot Parris island South Carolina was born.
Parris Island is the home to many infamous statues that hold the history of the United States. Another notable site on the base is the Marine Corps Museum, it contains a variety of materials on the history of the Marines. Every month there are thousands of recruits on the base and three months after being at boot camp their families come to visit. The families get to go to the parade deck and watch their loved ones graduate and get pinned with the marine core emblem. After the graduation the new Marines can show their families the barracks and catch up on what has happened for the past three months.
History of Parris Island. (n.d.). Retrieved December 5, 2019, from https://www.mcrdpi.marines.mil/About/History-of-Parris-Island/.
Peterson, N. (1993). Piecing together history at parris island. Leatherneck (Pre-1998), 76(8), 40.
Stroud, Mike . Parris Island Plantations, The Historical Marker Database. August 6th 2009. Accessed December 5th 2019. https://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=21410.