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Backstory and Context
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Architect Richard Neutra (1892-1970) immigrated from Vienna to the United States in the early 1920s. Interested in architectural design, Neutra worked with Frank Lloyd Wright and Rudolf Schindler until breaking out on his own in 1930. The Kaufmann House was built in 1946-47 for Edgar J. Kaufmann, Sr., who ran Kaufmann's Department Store. Kaufmann and his wife were searching for a spot on the West Coast to escape the winters in the Northeast and decided on a property in Palm Springs at the foot of the San Jacinto Mountains. The Kaufmann's had commissioned Frank Lloyd Wright to design their Pennsylvania home, another iconic piece of architecture, called Fallingwater. For his desert home, Kaufmann opted for a more modernistic approach using materials such as glass, steel, and stone and decided that Neutra was the master of the mid-century modern style.
What was supposed to be a simple, rather inexpensive house estimated at $30,000 ended up costing a staggering $300,000 and covering 3,800 square feet. The design of the house could be described as looking like a pinwheel, at the center of the house is the living room and the rest of the rooms branch out. The south wing of the house consists of a walkway that leads out to the carport, while the north wing is the guest house. The east and the west wing possess the service wing and the master suite. The central point of the house has always remained the pool. Famed photographer Slim Aarons captured what would become an iconic image called "Poolside Gossip" in 1970, featuring Nelda Linsk, who was the then owner of the home, and Helen Kaptur, the wife of a local architect.
Over the decades, the Kaufmann House had a number of owners and eventually the house fell into disrepair. That was until a couple who appreciated mid-century modern architecture and Neutra's work purchased the home and restored it to its original glory thanks to historic photos taken by Julius Shulman. The Kaufmann House remains a prime tourist stop in Palm Springs, and its historic past and architecture has been recognized as a Class 1 Site by the city.
Kroll, Andrew. AD Classics: Kaufmann House / Richard Neutra, Arch Daily. January 16th 2011. Accessed October 22nd 2019. https://www.archdaily.com/104112/ad-classics-kaufmann-house-richard-neutra.
Palm Springs Modern Tours. About the Tour, Palm Springs Modern Tours. Accessed October 22nd 2019. https://www.palmspringsmoderntours.com/the-tour.html.
Marelli, Carlotta. Attractive People Doing Attractive Things in Attractive Places with Slim Aarons, Elle Decor. June 24th 2019. Accessed October 23rd 2019. https://www.elledecor.com/it/best-of/a28184243/slim-aarons-photo-pool-vacation/.
McGrew, Patrick . The Hidden History of the Kaufmann House, KCET. June 11th 2012. Accessed October 23rd 2019. https://www.kcet.org/shows/artbound/the-hidden-history-of-the-kaufmann-house.