Built in 1896 for railroad conductor William J. Dunklin, the Dunklin House is located on Spring Street in the heart of Little Rock’s Quapaw Quarter. The Quapaw Quarter is a section of Little Rock which comprises its oldest and most historic business and residential neighborhoods. The name Quapaw comes from a corruption or mispronunciation of a word for a Native American Tribe which originally inhabited the area where the city of Little Rock is now situated. This name was informally applied to the land west of the original city of Little Rock in the nineteenth century. Then, in 1961 the name of Quapaw Quarter was more formally assigned. Now, it is a well-loved and treasured historic district featuring constructions of the Victorian, Queen Anne, Colonial Revival, Georgian Revival, Greek Revival, Italianate, and Craftsman Styles.
The architectural design of the Dunklin House uses a mixture of Queen Anne and Colonial Revival features.
The Queen Anne Style in the United States comprises a wide range of picturesque buildings which borrow freely from the architectural features of the Italian Renaissance and avoid the features of English Gothic. Queen Anne Style runs from approximately 1880 to 1910 and refers to architecture, decorative arts, and furniture. In architecture, the Queen Anne Style incorporates distinctive gables and turrets, asymmetrical facades, dominant front-facing gables which are often cantilevered out beyond the supporting wall, pedimented porches, balconies, overhanging eaves, leaded glass, dentils, balustrades, columns, and wooden or slate roofs.
The Colonial Revival Style derives from late nineteenth century American interest in the design of homes built by the earliest Dutch and English settlers in North America.
Dunklin House demonstrates both the Queen Anne and the Colonial Revival Styles. It evidences the Queen Anne Style with its rounded corner turrets and bay windows, curved wrap-around porch, asymmetrical façade, and elaborate decorative flourishes. It represents the Colonial Revival Style with its rectangular footprint, palladian windows, and classical columns.