Martin was merely injured; however, his friend, Solomon Bradley, was shot and killed in the confusion. Tolliver was put on trial for his actions; however, shortly before the final decision regarding his case was to be made in December of that same year, Martin came across Tolliver while out drinking and, seeking revenge, fatally shot the other man. Shortly before he died from his wounds, Tolliver reportedly told his friends Remember what you swore to do; you said you would kill him; Keep your word.
Martin was immediately arrested and taken to a prison in Winchester, Kentucky. Because he was protected by the facility in which he was imprisoned, Toliver's brother, Craig, retaliated by killing two family members of D.B. Logan, one of Martin's closest friends. Despite this act of violence, Tolliver's friends and family felt that they still had not gotten retribution. Consequently, they, along with Tolliver's former political supporters, forged a document informing the prison in which Martin was held of Martin's transfer to another facility, one located in his hometown of Morehead, Kentucky. Martin was transferred by train and, during his journey back to Morehead, was ambushed by Tolliver's supporters who shot him. The act was carried out next to Martin's wife who helped Martin walk to the Powers Hotel in Morehead, where he explained what happened and then died a few hours later.
Upon Martin's death, residents of both Morehead and surrounding cities in Morgantown soon began to take up sides, with many Republican citizens taking the side of Martin and his family while Democrats sided with Tolliver's friends and family. The two opposing factions argued and engaged in numerous skirmishes in the following years until the summer of 1887, during the war's climax, when a group of Martin's supporters, led by Hiram and Logan Pigman, surrounded and fatally shot Craig Tolliver. Resulting from their act was a widespread shootout between then and a faction of Tolliver's supporters which lasted two hours and, together, involved nearly sixty men. The shootout gained widespread attention, prompting the state militia to intervene and attempt to calm the two opposing groups. Another result of the war's widespread attention was a recommendation by government officials to abolish Rowan County in the hopes of ridding Kentucky of its bloody reputation. The county remained, however, and was soon visited by religious philanthropists who established the Morehead Normal School and worked to educate the residents of Morehead and inspire peace.
Over the course of the three year war, twenty men were killed and sixteen were wounded. In honor of both them and the role the war played in Morehead's development, a historical marker was dedicated along First Street in Morehead, just outside of the Morehead Visitor's Center, memorializing the violent history of the county that eventually led to it becoming known as 'Bloody Rowan. The historical marker was dedicated by the Rowan County Court and erected in 1993 through a joint effort by the Kentucky Historical Society and the Kentucky Department of Highways.
The Morehead Visitor's Center, the site of the marker, is open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. each Monday through Friday and offers additional information about the war as well as tourism resources for the city.