Polychrome Historic District
The Polychrome Historic District consists of five Art Deco style houses designed by John Joseph Earley in 1935 and 1935. These single-family homes utilize a stripped concrete technique for their cladding which reveals the colors of the concrete's stone in a mosaic effect. Earley sought to develop innovative building techniques that would allow the construction of small, inexpensive homes during the Great Depression.
Backstory and Context
These five homes were built by John Joseph Earley in 1934 and 1935. Earley used precast concrete panels with brightly colored aggregate to produce the polychrome effect, with Art Deco details such as chevrons along friezes. Early's process stripped the concrete to reveal the colorful aggregate stone composing the panel. The concrete panels are decorative rather than load-bearing. Earley was interested in the use of mass-production to produce small, inexpensive houses.
Two of the polychrome houses (9900 and 9904 Colesville Road) stand on Colesville Road and are each one story. Earley designed one of them in collaboration with architect J. R. Kennedy. Each of the three houses on Sutherland Road (9919, 9923, and 9925 Sutherland Road) is two stories with an attached carport. They are identical in design and floor plan, only differing in color.
The houses have served as single-family homes continuously since their construction, with few renovations. The National Register of Historic Places recognized the five houses as a historic district in 1995.
Art Deco Society of Washington. Polychrome Houses, Art Deco Society of Washington. Accessed May 5th 2020. http://www.adsw.org/buildings/polychrome-houses#ad-image-0.
Historic American Buildings Survey. Polychrome House No. 1, 9900 Colesville Road (U.S. Route 29), Silver Spring, Montgomery County, MD, Library of Congress. Accessed May 5th 2020. http://loc.gov/pictures/item/md1362/.
Kelly, Clare Lise. John Joseph Earley, pioneer of decorative and architectural concrete, The Third Place. June 14th 2016. Accessed May 5th 2020. http://montgomeryplanning.org/blog-design/2016/06/john-joseph-earley-pioneer-of-decorative-and-architectural-concrete/.
Maryland Historic Trust. Polychrome Historic District, National Register Properties in Maryland. 2018. Accessed May 5th 2020. https://mht.maryland.gov/nr/NRDetail.aspx?NRID=1171&FROM=NRMapMO.aspx.
Terry, Constance Peterson. Polychrome Historic District, National Register of Historic Places Registration Form. August 1st 1995. Accessed May 5th 2020. https://mht.maryland.gov/secure/medusa/PDF/NR_PDFs/NR-1169.pdf.