1st Cavalry Division Museum
The 1st Cavalry Division Museum offers exhibits drawn from artifacts from over a century of training and warfare, as well as static displays of military equipment related to the history of the 1st Cavalry. The museum is one of two on Fort Hood and takes visitors through the origins of the mounted cavalry unit that patrolled the US-Mexican border starting in 1921 through World Wars and modern military operations around the globe. Inside the museum, visitors will find artifacts and exhibits depicting soldiers in every major conflict since WWII. Outside the museum, visitors can explore acres of static military vehicle displays that showcase the equipment the1st Cavalry has used throughout its history.
Backstory and Context
The 1st Cavalry earned their nickname "First Team," by being the first unit into Manila, Tokyo, and Pyongyang. Often directed to spearhead missions throughout WWII, Korea, Vietnam, the Cold War, Desert Storm, and the War on Terror, the 1st Cavalry provides a consistent and formidable force to accomplish missions.
During Vietnam, the 1st Cavalry was reassigned as an airborne division. The men of the unit were the first to implement the strategy of using helicopters to move soldiers and equipment around conflict areas. The "First Team" were the only division to fight in all four of the major corps in Vietnam. Following Vietnam, the 1st Cavalry was awarded the Presidential Unit Citation to go along with 25 Medals of Honor.
The 1st Cavalry Division's next significant action came in Operation Desert Storm where they followed the marines into Kuwait and helped topple Saddam Hussein's forces. They remained a force in the Middle East during Operation Iraqi Freedom and occupied Baghdad in both instances. The "First Team" was the first Cavalry unit used in Operation Iraqi Freedom.
The 1st Cavalry Division is known as a combined arms division and has served as a Cavalry Division, Infantry Division, Air Assault Division, and an Armored Division throughout its history. The unit has had 43 troopers receive the Medal of Honor and another 261 Distinguished Service Crosses, which are the two highest honors awarded by the U.S. military. They are based out of Fort Hood, and the museum on base serves as a reminder of their contributions to the United States Army.
2. 1st Cavalry Division arrives in country. History. November 16, 2009. July 7, 2019. https://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/1st-cavalry-division-arrives-in-country.