Pioneer statue (1903-1917)
Sculpted from zinc by Allen G. Newman. It was modeled after an early white settler's hat, rifle and pouch provided by the Breyman family of Salem, Oregon. Statue was toppled by a windstorm in 1917 and never replaced. Later castings of the statue were erected in locations across the United States.
Backstory and Context
At the turn of the 20th century, New York artist Allen G. Newman sculpted an Oregon pioneer based on historic objects provided by the Breyman family of Salem, Oregon. The original zinc casting was erected near the Oregon state capitol in Salem in 1904. J. L. Mott Iron Works in New York cast numerous copies of "The Pioneer." One in Ashland, Oregon, was known locally as "Pioneer Mike." Other castings were erected on the University of Colorado campus and in Storm Lake, Iowa. None of the original statues are known to have survived. In recent years, Pioneer statues were recast for Ashland and Storm Lake. The original Salem statue was toppled by a windstorm in 1917 and never replaced.
Prescott, Cynthia Culver. Pioneer Mother Monuments: Constructing Cultural Memory. University of Oklahoma Press, 2019.