Fort Rucker is a US Army military base that is located in the southeast portion of Alabama. Formally known as Camp Rucker, this fort traces its roots back to World War II as it was a training facility to many divisions that fought in the European theater. Fort Rucker opened as a part of a large wave of new camps and facilities opening for the training of troops for the second World War. Currently, Fort Rucker is known for its training of US Army aviators and its US Army Aviation Museum.
The Ozark Triangular Division Camp was created and opened in
the summer of 1942 but under the name Camp Rucker. It was named Camp Rucker after the Civil War
Confederate officer Colonel Edmund W. Rucker who was at one time an honorary
general. Edmund W. Rucker was a
Tennessee born man who joined the confederacy, had a very successful career as
an officer and then moved to Birmingham, Alabama where he became an industry
leader. Fort Rucker was created in order
to facilitate the training of the hundreds of thousands of draftees at the
beginning of World War II.
Camp Rucker was an area of training for several different
types of units including infantry, tanks, air troops and women’s Army Corp. Camp Rucker also was known for holding German
and Italian prisoners of war during World War II. After World War II Camp Rucker was closed for
a while until the start of the Korean War when the camp was occupied an
infantry unit that trained for the Korean War.
Camp Rucker was officially renamed Fort Rucker in October of
1955 meaning that it would no longer be a camp that would close down in between
wars. Additionally, in October of 1959
the Army Aviation School moved from Fort Sill Oklahoma to Fort Rucker. Fort Rucker still is home to the Army
Aviation School and trains all of the current Army pilots. Fort Rucker is also home to the United States
Army Aviation Museum.