Historic Camden Foundation
The ershaw-Cornwallis House is the centerpiece of the 107 acre historical complex
Backstory and Context
The Historic Camden Foundation is a non-profit museum that shares local history and preserves the Revolutionary War battlefield where the Battle of Camden occurred on August 16, 1780. The museum's grounds include 107 acres of land with a variety of historic and replica buildings. The organization hosts tours and battle reenactments of the pivotal Revolutionary battle that occurred at Camden.
About four thousand American troops were led by General Horatio Gates while around 220 British soldiers were led by Charles Cornwallis. However, only about 3,000 American soldiers were capable of fighting as Gates's army was weakened by dysentery. Deciding to attack proved a fatal mistake, as nearly 2,000 American colonists were killed or captured. This loss strengthened pro-British sentiment in the South and led to the replacement of Horatio Gates with Nathanael Greene.
History of Camden, South Carolina. Historic Camden South Carolina. . Accessed April 15, 2019. https://www.historiccamden.org/discover-historic-camden/.
Editors, History.com. Battle of Camden. History. November 09, 2009. Accessed April 15, 2019. https://www.history.com/topics/american-revolution/battle-of-camden.
Camden. American Battlefield Trust. . Accessed April 15, 2019. https://www.battlefields.org/learn/revolutionary-war/battles/camden.