The exact date of this great event is still controversial: Some scholars, including Imam At-Tabari, are of the opinion that the Night Journey occurred in the same year the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) received the first revelation. However, the context of Surat Al-Israa' suggested that it was revealed in a late time during the Makkah phase (Moon Phase). The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) was carried in body from the Sacred Mosque in Makkah to the Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem on a mount called Al-Buraq in the company of Angel Gabriel. There Prophet Muhammad led all the other prophets in prayer. After that Gabriel took him to the heavens.
When they reached the first heaven, Gabriel asked the guardian angel to open the first heaven's door. It was opened and Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) Adam, the forefather of humankind. The Prophet Muhammad saluted him. Adam welcomed him and expressed his faith in Muhammad's prophethood. The Prophet Muhammad saw on the right side of Adam the souls of those who will be happy in the hereafter and saw the souls of the doomed ones on his left. Gabriel then ascended with the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) to the second heaven and asked for opening the gate. There the Prophet Muhammad saw and saluted Prophets Yahya (John) and `Isa (Jesus). The same happened in each heaven: In the third heaven, the Prophet saw Prophet Yusuf (Joseph); in the fourth, Prophet Idris (Enoch); in the fifth, Prophet Harun (Aaron); in the sixth, Prophet Musa (Moses); and in the seventh, Prophet Ibrahim (Abraham) (peace and blessings be upon them all).
In the seventh heaven there Almighty Allah (God) established 50 daily prayers for him and his Muslim Ummah (nation). Prophet Musa (Moses) advised him to ask Allah (God) to reduce the number because the Muslim Ummah (nation) would not bear performing such a number of prayers. The Prophet Muhammad once more begged Allah to reduce the number further. He went again and again to Almighty Allah (God) at the suggestion of Musa (Moses) till the prayers were reduced to five only. Again, Musa (Moses) asked him to implore for more reduction, but the Prophet said, I feel embarrassed (of repeatedly asking my Lord to reduce the number of daily prayers.) I accept and resign to His Will. Overall, the Night Journey raised a good deal of stir among people, and the skeptical audience employ Prophet Muhammad with all sorts of questions.