This is the location of the "A Final Stand" civil war marker which is in Dinwiddie, Virginia on White Oak Road. The marker was erected by the Petersburg National Battlefield, National Park Service, and U.S. Department of the interior. The location of this marker is a part of where the “Battle of Five Forks” took place on April 1, 1865. The battle stretched across some other areas as well, but as the name suggests this is where the ending of the battle took place. On the marker itself, there is a picture of the Union cavalry attacking the Confederates and it indicates that the Confederates are retreating. The Confederate army put up their final fight here and the day ended in a victory for the Union Army.
The Battle of Five Forks took place in Dinwiddie County Virginia on April 1, 1865. It was a battle between Confederate George E.Pcikett and Union Phillip H. Sheridan. This battle received the name Five Forks because of its location. Robert E. Lee ordered Confederate Maj.Gen. George E.Pickett to hold the crossroads of Five Forks. The Five Forks referred to the intersection of White Oak Road, Scott's Road, Ford's Road and the Dinwiddie Court House Road. The Battle of Five Forks has also been referred to as The Waterloo of the Confederacy. Pickett had his troops to build a log and dirt defensive line that was about 1.75 miles long along the White Oak Road trying to guard themselves against Sheridan. Sheridan led the charge that ultimately ended the battle. This charge breached the left flank of Pickett's line. The Confederates tried to organize a new defensive line as a final stand but, Sheridan's cavalry moved around the right flank trying to prevent the Confederates from escaping. Nearly a third of Picket's 9,200 men were casualties leading the Union to a victory.
This battle was Union versus Confederate. For the Union side, the Commander was Philip Sheridan. For the Confederate side, the Commander was George Pickett. Philip Sheridan had just made it back clearing out Confederates in the Shenandoah Valley. Sheridan also brought with him two divisions of Calvary to the Five Forks Battle. Sheridan had a fast pace style of warfare. Pickett brought three of his brigades of his old division to Five Forks. Pickett and the Confederates had only half as many men as the Union and Sheridan though. The Confederates were also on the brink of starvation and had little stamina for such a battle after spending months in the trenches of Richmond. The Union men used infantry to attack the Confederate line rolling up the flank from East to West.
The Five Forks Battlefield is where the final battle of the Siege of Petersburg was fought. At Five Forks the Siege of Petersburg came to end once and for all. The battle of Five Forks has its place in history as being at the end of the Petersburg campaign which, was a nine and a half month long ordeal. One can now visit the battlefield from 8 A.M - 5 P.M seven days a week except for on a few select holidays. The battlefield is located on Courthouse Road which is one of the roads that the battle took place at giving it the name of Five Forks. When one visits the battlefield one can watch a 12-minute long video about the battle and view artifacts in the museum. One can also hike along the 8-mile long trail and enjoy a picnic at the battlefields picnic pavilion. The battlefield is the largest Calvary action that took place in the campaign. There was only one railroad that remained open and it was located about 2 miles north of the Five Forks intersection. When visiting the battlefield today one can keep busy for hours learning the history of the battle.
Hawks, Steven A.. A Final Stand Wayside Marker. Stone Sentinels. . . http://stonesentinels.com/less-known/five-forks/tour-five-forks/stop-4-final-stand/a-final-stand/.
Coughlin, Bill. A Final Stand. The Historical Marker Database. June 16, 2016. Accessed February 16, 2019. https://www.hmdb.org/marker.asp?marker=6215.