Huff Archaeological Site
The Huff Archaeological Site was discovered in the early 1900s near the town of Huff, North Dakota. The site was home to a prehistoric Mandan Indian settlement that is dated to 1450 AD. Today there are walking tours of the where the settlement once was. The Huff Archaeological Site is considered one of the most important finds in North Dakota's archaeological history and is widely recognized as one of the best-preserved sites from the period.
Backstory and Context
Roughly 103 housing structures made up the village and it's believed upwards of 4,000-5,000 trees or posts were used in its construction. Signs of a shifting architectural mindset can be seen in the one house that wasn't in a long, rectangular shape. This house was a shorter square shape with rounded edges. In total, the village spans twelve acres and has a layout akin to most Mandan settlements with a central plaza and a ceremonial structure that would open into this plaza.
To defend themselves from conflicts with other tribes or villages, the Mandans constructed a 2,000-foot long ditch that guarded the village on the three sides. Though the ditch is only two feet deep and fifteen feet wide, it was probably a much larger and more imposing fortification for possible attackers. There's also a wall surrounding the village which consisted of 2,500 closely-spaced posts and ten bastions on the village corners.
Winham, R. Peter. "Huff Archaeological Site." February 18, 1997. National Park Service - National Historic Landmark Nomination Form. https://npgallery.nps.gov/GetAsset/8283c6cd-9aba-43f7-8a9c-03a955bae7ad.