Thirty Mile Point Light
Thirty Mile Point Light is a historic lighthouse in Somerset, New York located within Golden Hill State Park. No longer an active navigational aid, the lighthouse was completed in January 1876 out of hand-carved stone. It was given its name because it is situated 30 miles to the east of the Niagara River on the northernmost point of the lake's southern shore. It is 61 feet tall and the light could be seen 18 miles away; the foghorn could be heard 10 miles away into Lake Ontario (and five miles inland). The lighthouse was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1984. Visitors can take guided tours of and even stay overnight in the lighthouse. It is also available to rent.
Backstory and Context
The lighthouse used a third-order Fresnel lens, which was manufactured in France. It emitted a flashing light every 90 seconds. This rate increased to every ten seconds in 1909. The living quarters for the keeper and assistant keeper and their families was designed in the High Victorian Gothic style. The foghorn was installed in 1921, although it was first requested in 1908. Management of the lighthouse was transferred from the U.S. Lighthouse Service to the Coast Guard in 1939. In 1958, the light was automated and Coast Guard personnel left. Golden Hill Park was established in 1962 but ownership of the lighthouse wasn't transferred to the New York State Office of Parks in 1984.