The first church services held in Sherman were under bush arbors in what is now known as Downtown Sherman. In the early 1850s, people from different parts of the United States came on foot, horseback and in wagons to attend these Protestant camp meetings held by deacons, ministers and reverends. As the years progressed, churches of several Christian denominations were erected including a Union Church for Methodists and Presbyterians in 1853, the first Church of Christ Church in 1858, the first Baptist Church in 1859, the First Presbyterian Church in 1871, and the first Catholic Church in 1875 – St. Mary’s Catholic Church .
There were many “firsts” in terms of the growth
and development of religion in Sherman in the mid to late 1800s, which was
largely due to the expansion and arrival of the Houston and Texas Central
Railroad in Sherman and the Missouri, Kansas, and Texas (Katy) Railroad Company
in Denison. From 1870 to 1880, settlement in North Texas flourished but
1872 particularly initiated a period of growth and development for Grayson
County. With an increase in population
from 14,387 in 1870 to 38,108 in 1880 numerous towns, the need for places of
worship increased which prompted the construction of several different
churches, including St. Mary’s Catholic Church2.
The first recorded mass in Sherman took place in
1872 in a hotel room. Three years later, a small wooden chapel was built at the
corner of Travis Street and Eagle Lane due to the exponentially growing needs
of Sherman and overall Grayson County. Thirty years later, a renowned Texas
architect, Nicholas Joseph Clayton, was commissioned by the Bishop Claude Dubuis
of the Diocese of Galveston to design the church that showed elements of Gothic
and Romanesque influence to the Sherman community and became a significant part
of Sherman’s architectural heritage3.
St. Mary’s Catholic Church served as the
singular place of Catholic worship for 103 years but as a result of a
continuous growth of the population in the area, a new church was built
directly across the street – St. Anne’s in 2009. The parishioners named the
new addition to the parish so as to ensure that the mother “Anne” and daughter
“Mary” could “gaze upon each other with love and tenderness”4. The original
church built by Nicholas Clayton in 1905 still stands and is in routine use in
addition to St. Anne’s Church but both buildings are now referred to as St.
Anne’s Catholic Church at St. Mary’s Catholic Parish.