William Gaston Science Building, Belmont Abbey College
William Gaston Science Building was constructed in 1967 and is currently host to the departments of biology, chemistry, mathematics, physical sciences, and psychology. The building was named after William Gaston (1778-1844), a prominent attorney, congressman, and justice on the North Carolina Supreme Court. Gaston was a leading figure in the development of the Catholic Church in North Carolina in the early 19th century when no organized parishes existed or permanent churches established.
Backstory and Context
In 1969, an event that resonated with Gaston's historic connection to the issue of civil rights impacted the campus community. Belmont Abbey College desegregated in 1954, but African American students remained a distinct minority within the student body. Amid the tumult of the Civil Rights Movement and the Vietnam War, around 4:30 a.m. on April 29, 1969, seven African-American students took to the roof of the William Gaston Science Building and staged a public protest. This protest called for college reforms concerning African American representation in the student body, faculty, and academic curriculum, and for recognizing the birthday of the recently-assassinated Rev. Martin Luther King Jr. Instead, a call went out for the police.
In what would become a dramatic 14-hour event, the takeover of the Gaston Science Building became a tense standoff after the arrival of crowds and onlookers from the neighboring community. News of the event was broadcast on the nightly national news and reported by local newspapers for several days. The protest ended peacefully after negotiation with the college administration. However, the students involved in the protests received indefinite suspensions. The protest became a formative event for that generation of Belmont Abbey students, and the most significant student protest on the campus during the tumultuous Sixties.4
In 2018 the Gaston Science Building underwent extensive renovation to facilitate continued scientific instruction for the 21st century.5
1. Daniel Hutchinson, “Roman
Catholics.” In James Clark, Glenn Jonas, and Willis Whichard, eds. Religious Traditions of North Carolina:
Histories, Tenets, and Leaders (Jefferson, NC: MacFarland & Company,
2. J. Herman Schauinger. William Gaston: A Carolinian (Milwaukee: Bruce Publishing Company, 1948).
3. Stephen Case and Amy Kemp, "Song, The Old North State." NCPedia (2017) https://www.ncpedia.org/symbols/song#audio
4. Matthew Memrick, “45 Years Ago, Abbey Students Issued a Call for Change.” GastonGazette, Gaston Gazette, 3 May 2014, www.gastongazette.com/20140503/45-years- agoabbey-students-issued-a-call-for-change/305039957.5. Eric Wildstein, “Renovation Heralds Future for Belmont Abbey Science Programs.” Gaston Gazette, Gaston Gazette, Aug 12 2018, https://www.gastongazette.com/search?text=belmont%20abbey%20science&start=1