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Dedicated in 2015, this historical marker preserves and shares the story of Pyrrhus Concer, an enslaved man who became free when New York's gradual end to legal slavery allowed for his freedom. He worked a variety of jobs and is best-known as the first African American to visit Tokyo during his service aboard the whaleship Manhattan. Towards the end of his life, he also established a homestead at this location. The inscription on his gravestone begins "Though born a slave he possessed virtues, without which, kings are but slaves."


  • "The Whaleship Manhattan"
Depiction from an 1845 Japanese Watercolor
  • Pyrrhus Concer Marker. Photo by Andrew Ruppenstein, November 26, 2017

Pyrrhus Concer was born into servitude in 1814 and lived until 1897. He was the legal property of the Pyrrhus family and pressed into servitude and forced labor until slavery was gradually but formally abolished in New York State. Pyrrhus continued to work five more years for the Concer family of Southhampton (Van Zandt, 1984). The reason for his decision to continue laboring for his former owner is unknown but also not uncommon given the lack of mobility and other options for many formerly enslaved people. He eventually ended his service to the Concer family and worked on whaling vessels. Maritime trade led to employment for many free black men in the era, but also presented risks as it was not uncommon for a free black sailor to be captured and sold into bondage by unscrupulous shipmates and privateers.   

Following a few years of his working on a variety of ships, Pyrrhus eventually secured a position aboard the Manhattan, an American whaling ship. His time with the crew of the Manhattan was notable, as it became the first vessel of American origin to travel to Tokyo at a time when few American vessels were allowed to travel and dock in this part of the world.

The Manhattan, a ship out of Pyrrhus's native New York State, set out on approximately a two year voyage in 1843. More than a year into this excursion, Pyrrhus, Captain Mercator Cooper and the rest of the ship's crew came across a total of 22 shipwrecked Japanese sailors in the waters of the Bonin Islands (Van Zandt, 1984). Despite no American vessel ever having previously been given permission to port in Japanese waters, The Manhattan sailed towards Tokyo (then Edo) with hopes of returning the sailors to their homeland. 

On April 18, 1845, after sending some of the Japanese rescues with a message of intent to repatriate the remainder, the Manhattan was given permission to enter Tokyo Bay (Van Zandt, 1984). Upon examination of the vessel, as would have been customary for such an atypical arrival, Pyrrhus's appearance, as the only African American on board, was made of special note. Pyrrhus was the first man of such darkly colored skin that anyone in Japan had ever seen, and they were intimately intrigued. It is notable that the captain and other sailors have been lost to history while the presence of Pyrrhus was recorded in contemporary records. Towards the end of his life, the former slave was interviewed and shared his experience as one of the first Americans to be allowed to enter Tokyo by the Japanese shogunate. 

"Bonin Islands," Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved November 1, 2018. https://www.britannica.com/place/Bonin-Islands

Van Zandt, Howard (1984). Pioneer American Merchants in Japan. Tuttle Publishing. p. 68-72. ISBN 9994648144.