Located on the second floor of Carpenter Building on Penn State's campus, the Matson Museum of Anthropology is a small but impressive museum. Visitors can view a variety of archaeological exhibits drawn from the museum's collection of objects from throughout Pennsylvania and around the world. The collection's emphasis is on regional artifacts and items from Mesopotamia, Mexico, and Latin America. There are also items from central Asia and a few displays feature replica bones of human ancestors to highlight evolution.
The museum's origins date back to the mid-1960s when the Anthropology department put items from its collection on display. After a few locations, the museum moved to Carpenter Building in 1987. The museum is named after Dr. Frederick Matson, Professor Emeritus of the department.