Backstory and Context
In the Battle of Esseneca, on August 1st, 1776, Francis Salvador became the first Jewish American to be killed in the American Revolution. After this battle, Major Williamson mounted a successful campaign against the Cherokee which would result in a treaty that ceded most of northwest South Carolina to the state government after the end of the war. He encamped with a force of 2,300 and left 300 men garrisoned at Fort Rutledge during his three-month-long campaign against the Cherokee. While the exact location of the fort is unknown, there is some speculation that Clemson's Tillman Hall now stands where the fort once stood, and others suspect that the original site is now under Lake Hartwell. It was the view of this fort that inspired the name of John C. Calhoun's plantation on the land that would become Clemson University. Originally called Clergy Hall, John C. Calhoun named his new home Fort Hill in 1831 since the home overlooked the site of Fort Rutledge.
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