Built on the site of a former warehouse where enslaved blacks were imprisoned in the 19th Century, this museum offers exhibits that inform visitors about the history and legacy of the domestic slave trade, as well as post-slavery issues related to racial inequality from lynching and segregation to economic inequality and the persistence of racial discrimination. The museum is located between a historic slave market and an Alabama dock and rail station where slaves were bought and sold in the antebellum era. In recognition of the fact that Alabama had the second largest enslaved population of any U.S. state, the museum includes a variety of exhibits that investigate the role of Montgomery and Alabama in the domestic slave trade.
The Legacy Museum: From Enslavement to Mass Incarceration
opened to the public on April 26th, 2018. It is an 11,000 square-foot space in
which visitors can be educated on the evolution of slavery and racial
segregation. This is done through the various collections of the Equal Justice Institute's
critically acclaimed research materials, which include videography, visuals,
and exhibits. Visitors are able to hear, see, and get a feel of what it was like
to be a slave waiting to be auctioned off at a block. The museum also contains
exhibits on lynching, and its relationship to contemporary issues regarding racial
In 1808, the
U.S Congress abolished the International (also known as the Atlantic) slave
trade in which Africans were kidnapped from their homes and shipped across the
Atlantic Ocean where they faced horrendous conditions. Since the beginning of
the colonization of American in the 17th Century, there was a demand
for servants, which would evolve into the system of slavery that would continue
for centuries as the economic system would become dependent on forced labor.
When the Domestic slave trade began in the 19th Century, the rise of
cotton and the invention of the cotton gin increased the demand for slave labor in the Lower
South. For the next fifty years, up until 1860, slaves from the Upper South (in
states such as Virginia) would be forcibly removed from their plantations and
embark on a long, hard journey to the Lower South (in states such as Alabama).
Slaves would have to travel in large chained groups, known as coffles, while
marching for hundreds of miles, making the trip slow and tiring. Beginning in
the 1840’s slaves were able to travel by steamboat and train which would take
them to depots and warehouses where they would be auctioned off.
would have one of the largest slave populations at the start of the Civil War since
it had grown into one of the most prominent slave trading communities. Because
the Alabama state legislature banned free black people from entering and
residing in the state, enslavement was the only legal status for African
Americans during the time. After the slaves would arrive in Montgomery after
their long journey, they would be placed in warehouses where they would have to
wait to be auctioned off. The slaves would also be held captive in depots,
which Montgomery had four of, as much as they had banks and hotels. The slave
trade would continue to operate until 1864.
The Equal Justice
Initiative (EJI), a private nonprofit organization founded in 1989, continues
to strive to challenge racial injustice, discrimination, and poverty. They acknowledge that slavery was a truly upsetting
and horrific part of America’s history and this was one of their reason for creation of the
Legacy Museum. They realize that not that many people understand
and recognize its impact, and why people of color continue
to be disadvantaged and mistreated today.