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The idea for Cranbrook Educational Community, a unique 319-acre campus founded in 1904, originated with Detroit philanthropists George and Ellen Booth. George Booth, publisher of the Evening News Association, was also interested in art and architecture. Booth hoped to create an artistic community in which artists could live surrounded by architecture, art and nature and find inspiration from one another. Cranbrook's campus community began in 1922 several buildings. The Academy of Art opened in 1932 and quickly attracted students of architecture, sculpture, and painting from around the world. Today, Cranbrook is of the world’s leading centers of education, science, and art. Comprising a graduate Academy of Art, contemporary Art Museum, House and Gardens, Institute of Science, and Pre-K through 12 independent college preparatory Schools, Cranbrook welcomes thousands of visitors and students to its campus each year.