Glen Dale Fokker Field and Marx Toy Plant
An April 1929 photo by J.E. Anderson of a Fokker Trimotor at Glen Dale Fokker Field, in front of the north end of the Fokker factory where it was built.
A 1/20/29 photo of the fuselage assembly line at the Fokker Aircraft Corporation of America, Glen Dale.
As seen in a circa 2001-2005 USGS aerial photo, a total of four hangars were located along the northeast side of the runway.
A 7/24/16 photo by Rick Harshbarger looking south along the Glendale runway, with the former Fokker airplane factory visible at left.
Santa, on the left, and his workers at Marx Toys.
Merry Makers was a popular wind-up tin toy made by Marx
The most popular Marx toy of the 1970s was the Big Wheel.
The Rock'em Sock'em Robots game by Marx.
The factory as it sat empty (left) and the Warren Distribution Plant today (right).
Backstory and Context
The Fokker factory sponsored some of Ruth Elder's flights. Ruth Elder was known as "Lady Lindy." She was an actress who was inspired by Charles Lindbergh's flight across the Atlantic and was determined to be the first woman to fly across the Atlantic. The plane she flew was named "American Girl" and was paid for by a group of businessmen from Wheeling, WV (10 miles north of Glen Dale). Elder's flight went down in the ocean and she was rescued by a Dutch oil tanker. The Glen Dale airplane factory employed 500 workers and closed in 1932.
The Glen Dale Fokker airfield curves with the river and is still in operation today. It has a single maintained 2,600' turf Runway andt is located between the Ohio River and the B&O railroad.
In 1934, Louis Marx, the toy mogul, purchased the former airplane factory and converted it into a toy factory. Marx was born in Brooklyn, NY and credited with bringing the Asian yo-yo to European and American markets. In its busiest season the toy factory employed 1500-2000 people. The company made tin toys prior to WWII with the most popular being the Marx Merry Makers. During WWII, the production of toys was stopped to produce shell and bomb cases and grenade pins.
In 1946, before they switched over to plastic, they dipped and baked approximately 3.5 million toys a month. After the war, plastic toys were produced with the most popular being the Big Wheel. A popular game made by Marx was Rock'em Sock'em Robots. Marx was also known for action figurines such as Johnny West. By the mid-1950s, they were moving more than a million plastic pieces per day.
The Glen Dale factory was sold to the Quaker Oats Company in 1972. The new company continued its operation but closed the factory in 1980 as the age of electronic toys took over.
Fokker, Atlantic, Fokker-Hall, General Aviation. www.aerofiles.com. February 25, 2009. Accessed June 26, 2018. http://www.aerofiles.com/_fok.html.
Schramm, Robert. Moundsville. Acadia, 2004.
Warren Distribution - About Us. warrendistribution.com. . Accessed June 26, 2018. http://www.warrendistribution.com/about-us.
Harshman, Cheryl. Marx Toy Company. www.wvculture.org. . Accessed June 27, 2018. http://www.wvculture.org/goldenseal/winter07/marxtoy.html.