Puget Sound Naval Shipyard and Intermediate Maintenance Facility
Originally established in 1891 as a Naval Station, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard has built and serviced the nation’s naval ships through two World Wars and modern conflicts. The shipyard has seen a host of technological changes, as well as fluctuations in military spending and policy. In 1992, the shipyard was placed on the National Register of Historic Places. Today, the Puget Sound Naval Shipyard is the largest naval shipyard in the Pacific Northwest and one of Washington's largest industrial complexes. Owing to its role in World War II, the shipyard is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. During that conflict crews at the shipyard repaired 26 battleships, 18 aircraft carriers, 13 cruisers, and 79 destroyers.
Backstory and Context
During America's involvement in World War I, Navy Yard Puget Sound built twenty-five submarine chasers, six submarines, two minesweepers, seven seagoing tugboats, and two ammunition ships as well as 1,700 small boats. After the war, the U.S. fleet arrived in the Pacific Ocean and many of the ships that were sent to war were scheduled for repair and rearmament at the PSNS. Only two ships were built in the 1920s; the U.S.S. Medusa and the U.S.S. Holland. A third ship, the U.S.S. Louisville, began construction in July 1928 and was launched in September 1930.
During World War II the PSNS was turned from manufacturing and building ships to repairing the damaged ships of the U.S. Pacific Fleet. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, five of the six surviving battleships were sent to the Bremerton shipyard for modifications and repair: U.S.S. Tennessee, U.S.S. Maryland, U.S.S. Nevada, U.S.S. California, and U.S.S. West Virginia. During the war, Navy Yard Puget Sound repaired 26 battleships (some more than once), 18 aircraft carriers, 13 cruisers, and 79 destroyers. After the war, the PSNS was transformed from ship repair to ship deactivation of some ships in the Pacific Fleet. While transforming ships to deactivation other programs involved modernizing aircraft carriers to use newer aircraft.
Between 1948 and 1962, Puget Sound Naval Shipyard updated nine aircraft carriers to reflect the needs of the modern Navy: the U.S.S. Essex, U.S.S. Kearsarge, U.S.S. Yorktown, U.S.S. Hancock, U.S.S. Lexington, U.S.S. Shangri-la, U.S.S. Franklin D. Roosevelt, and the U.S.S. Coral Sea. Along with the repair and expansion of these aircraft carriers, this shipyard was also the site of the construction of numerous submarines including the U.S.S. Capitaine followed by the U.S.S. Bugara, U.S.S. Sculpin, and the U.S.S. John Adams.
Puget Sound Naval Shipyard and Intermediate Maintenance Facility History. Naval Sea Systems Command. Accessed May 04, 2018. http://www.navsea.navy.mil/Home/Shipyards/PSNS-IMF/History/.