The Friendship Fire Company was the first volunteer fire-fighting company in Alexandria, VA, and the Friendship Firehouse Museum is dedicated to preserving its memory. The Museum also houses historical fire-fighting equipment and memorabilia, including a 19th century suction engine and hose carriage.
The Friendship Fire Company was the first volunteer
fire-fighting company organized in Alexandria, VA, in 1774, and counted George
Washington among its founding members. In 1775, Washington purchased one of the
first engines for the Fire Company and had it shipped from Philadelphia to
Alexandria by ox cart. The Company moved to the current building in 1855. The
building has undergone multiple renovations, the first of which occurred in 1871.
In 1992, the City of Alexandria further restored the building, and in 2009,
restoration of the cupola was completed.
The Friendship Firehouse Museum now occupies the
building and is dedicated to preserving the building and exhibits, and
educating the community. Open from 1:00 to 4:00 Saturday and Sunday, the museum
contains examples of early fire-fighting equipment. The Engine Room houses fire
engines, leather water buckets, locally-made hoses, axes, and other fire-fighting
gear. It houses information and exhibits
on the development of fire-fighting technology over time, as well as displays
about other historic fire companies in Alexandria. The Meeting Room on the
second floor has been decorated in the late 19th century style, when
the Friendship Fire Company was in its prime.
This includes original furniture, as well as uniforms and banners used
by the Company.
The museum also displays a suction engine built in
Baltimore and purchased by the Friendship Fire Company in 1851. This engine is
highly ornamented and includes a set of clasped hands, the symbol of the Fire Company.
The suction engine was a labor-intensive machine and required between sixteen and
twenty men to operate. A locally-made hose carriage used by the Fire Company is
on display, as well. Before the installation of city-wide water pipes, water was
drawn from nearby wells and rivers in order to extinguish fires. The carriage
was necessary to transport the long lengths of hoses needed for this method of