Iñupiat Heritage Center
The Iñupiat Heritage Center is located in Utqiaġvik (formerly Barrow), Alaska, the largest city in the North Slope Borough and the northernmost city in the United States. The Iñupiat Heritage Center brings people together to promote and perpetuate Iñupiat history, language and culture. Interaction between the Iñupiat and their environment fosters the awareness, understanding and appreciation of the Iñupiat way of life from generation to generation. The facility is an affiliated area of New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park in New Bedford, Massachusetts, and recognizes the contributions of Alaska Natives to the history of whaling. The North Slope Borough owns and manages the Heritage Center on behalf of the whaling villages of the North Slope.
Backstory and Context
In the late 19th and 20th centuries, over 2,000 whaling voyages set out from New Bedford, Massachusetts, bound for the bowhead whaling grounds off Alaska's arctic coast. The voyage of over 20,000 miles took the whalers to the Azore Islands off the coast of Africa, around Cape Horn and the southernmost tip of South America, to the Hawaiian Islands and finally, to the Bering Sea and Arctic Ocean. Many Alaska Natives, particularly Iñupiat Eskimo people, participated in commercial whaling. In addition to crewing on the ships they hunted for food for the whalers, provided warm fur clothing, and sheltered many crews that were shipwrecked on the Alaska coast.
Yupik and Iñupiat people of northern Alaska and the Bering Straits had been whaling for a thousand years when Yankee whalers arrived in the arctic during the late nineteenth century. More than 2000 commercial whaling voyages sailed from New Bedford—the capital of the global whaling industry—into arctic waters during the following decades. Many Alaska Natives played a direct role in the commercial whaling enterprise and everyone experienced its effects. They joined Yankee whaling crews, supplied local, wild food to the whalers, shared traditional clothing designs adapted to arctic conditions, and sheltered many shipwrecked whaling crews.
The Iñupiat Heritage Center was dedicated in February 1999 and houses exhibits, artifact collections, library, gift shop, and a traditional room where people can demonstrate and teach traditional crafts in Elders-in-Residence and Artists-in-Residence programs. It was also designated an affiliated area of New Bedford Whaling National Historical Park in New Bedford, Massachusetts to ensure that the contributions of Alaska Natives to the history of whaling is recognized.
As an affiliated National Park, the North Slope Borough owns and manages the Iñupiat Heritage Center. The center is one of the many associated partners that engage in spreading the story of commercial whaling in the United State. Different Park partners conduct but collaborate in an array of educational and informative programs and activities. Park partners operate independently but collaborate in a variety of educational and interpretive programs.
The Iñupiat Heritage Center recounts the story of the Iñupiat people who then struggled for thousands of years in one of the harshest climates and conditions on Earth.
About the Center. National Park Service. Accessed March 31, 2018. https://www.nps.gov/inup/aboutthecenter.htm.
Whaling Voyages. National Park Service. Accessed March 31, 2018. https://www.nps.gov/inup/details.htm.