The Samoan archipelago includes the U.S. Territory of American Samoa and the independent nation of Samoa, formerly known as Western Samoa.These islands are located 2,600 miles southwest of Hawaii and 1,800 miles northwest of New Zealand, between Fiji and Tahiti. The Samoan chain stretches east to west for more than 300 miles below the equator. The National Park of American Samoa is east of the international dateline in the timezone that is one hour earlier than Hawaii.
The National Park of American Samoa consists of five rugged, highly eroded volcanic islands and two coral atolls. Many Samoans practice subsistence farming, along with tuna fishing and canning being major industries. The nation of Samoa is 60 miles to the west of Tutuila. The main islands of ‘Upolu and Savai’i constitute a much larger land area than American Samoa does. The Samoa Islands are part of Polynesia, a triangular area of the Pacific bounded by Hawaii, New Zealand, and Easter Island. The Samoa Islands have been populated for 3,000 years, but only known to the Western world for less than two centuries. Some individuals believe this was where all Polynesian people originated.