The Burns House had not been built long before it was converted to the Garfield Place. An attorney had built a house in the middle of a war. The Union army invaded Prestonsburg, Ky., securing a significant win in the Battle of Middle Creek. The leader for the Union in the battle was soon-to-be president, James A. Garfield. He quickly chose the Burns house as his headquarters because of its divine location. The house passed through many hands before it was destroyed. Now, a marker symbolizes the significance of the Burns House also known as the Garfield Place.
The Burns House, commonly known as the Garfield Place,
stood in Prestonsburg, Ky. John M. Burns, an attorney in the area, built the
house that would become the headquarters for the Union army following the
Battle of Middle Creek. Burns also served in
the sate leislature and eventually became Circuit Judge. When the Union
invaded Prestonsburg, Burns fled to Louisa, Ky., leaving behind a wife and
child. He left them behind because his wife was sick and his child remained to
care for her. But when Union soldiers
broke into the house she evaded them when the child used a mattress to transfer
her from the house to a boat. Fleeing to safety in Louisa, she then lived her
remaining years with her husband in a town near Ashland, Ky.
The battle that occurred at Middle Creek began January 10, 1862. James A. Garfield, who later became
president, led the Union soldiers into battle against an experienced Confederate
army. Garfield, a colonel, faced Brigadier General Humphrey Marshall. Following
the battle, Garfield chose the Burns’ house as a headquarters because of its
superior location. It was three miles away from the Middle Creek battlefield
and located at the mouth of Middle Creek where it met the Levisa Fork of the
Big Sandy River.
With the win at Middle Creek, Garfield was promoted to
Brigadier General and the Union took control of Kentucky. Garfield was a civil
rights activist and controlling Kentucky was a step toward the abolition of
slavery. He had encountered many runaway slaves during his time with the Union
army and was often offended by the way they were treated by other Union
soldiers. He continued to fight for the abolition of slavery as he climbed the
ranks of the legislature.
The Garfield Place was demolished around 1982 and the
furniture was sold at auction. There is a marker in the area where the house
stood to recognize the events that occurred in the area; it is two-sided. On
the front of the marker are pictures of the house as it stood during the 1960’s,
a map of the area identifying the distance from the house to the battlefield,
and a picture of John Burns, the original owner. On one side is the information
on the people who have owned the house through the years and how each used it
differently. It was never used during conflict after Garfield left the area but
it was used to house memorabilia and theatre productions pertaining to the Civil
The marker is in the heart of the town of
Prestonsburg, Ky. It is easily accessible from the Country Music Highway and
faces the Levisa Fork of the Big Sandy River. The area where the marker is near
other markers and the Middle Creek Battlefield, where civil war reenactments
are still conducted today.