Dorchester Academy Boys' Dormitory
Following the Civil War, white and black Americans who were concerned about the plight of former slaves worked through groups such the American Missionary Association (AMA). Given the refusal of many communities to provide adequate public schools, especially for African American children, the AMA worked to create their own schools. Established in 1871 by the AMA, Dorchester Academy began as a one-room schoolhouse and served young children as well as adults who had spent their lives in bondage. By the early 1900s, the school had expanded and served two to three hundred students. During the civil rights movement, Dorchester Academy hosted black leaders such as Martin Luther King, Jr. It was also one of the local headquarters for Citizen Education Workshops that worked to educate and register prospective voters.
Backstory and Context