After the first two marches to Montgomery failed due to violent altercations, such as the attack on marchers on the Edmund Pettus Bridge on March 7, Martin Luther King Jr. led the third march to Montgomery under federal protection granted by Judge Frank Johnson. The participants and organizers of the march knew they would need safe places to rest during their 54 mile journey from Selma to Montgomery. In response, locations along Highway 80 were pre-arranged to host the marchers during the night over the course of the 5 day march. Most of the campsites were the farms of sympathetic locals along the highway. On March 21, 1965, King led the third march from the Brown Chapel AME Church in Selma, Alabama to the David Hall Farm, where the marchers took time to rest and tend to their wounds after marching approximately 10 miles. The following night they would set up camp at the farm of Rosie Steele.
The sympathy of the locals correlates with the responses of people across the nation after they saw the violence that ensued during the first march on March 7. As people watched news footage of this day they were horrified by the beatings and other assaults that the marchers fell victims to. Disgusted and saddened by the footage, many people outside of the South felt sympathy for the marchers' cause and voluntarily travelled to Alabama to participate in the third march. The march ended in success when the marchers made it to the Alabama State Capitol in Montgomery. The bigger success came on August 6 when President Johnson passed the Voting Rights Act of 1965.