The museum houses over 360 aircraft from various eras of aviation history. Galleries at the museum are: Early Years, WWII, Korean War, Southeast Asia War, Cold War, Missile & Space, Presidential, and R&D. Each gallery houses exhibits of that period of aircraft, weapons, and engines. The Missile & Space exhibit houses 3 spacecraft, 8 missiles, 8 satellites, and 7 engines. The museum also houses other exhibits. One of which is Prejudice & Memory: A Holocaust Exhibit.
The Early Years Gallery displays the formative years of aviation. It takes visitors through the Wright brother’s inventions to the planes of World War I and the lead up to World War II. The National Museum of the U.S. Air Force holds one of the world’s best collections of World War II aircraft and missiles. The museum provides the depiction of pivotal moments of the U.S. Army Air Forces’ air power against both the Pacific and European powers. Just as with the previous galleries as a visitor you can travel back in time to see the major aircraft's that played an important role in our country.
The Presidential Gallery is home to the Boeing VC- 137C known as SAM 26000. This aircraft is the Air Force One carrier that served on the day that President John F. Kennedy was assassinated. The Special Air Mission 26000 stands as the centerpiece of the Presidential Gallery, though guests can enter the presidential aircraft of President FDR, Harry Truman and Dwight Eisenhower.