The Museum of Arts and Design
The Museum of Arts and Design (MAD) first opened its doors in 1956 as the Museum of Contemporary Crafts, with an original mission of recognizing the craftsmanship of contemporary American artists. The Museum was founded by Aileen Osborn Webb, a patron of the Arts. Today, the Museum fosters to the creative process and how it influences crafted works that better our contemporary lives. This is accomplished by educating and inspiring the public through exhibitions, family programs, workshops, and classes. The Museum also includes a restaurant and theatre to provide visitors with an all-day experience.
Backstory and Context
Paul J. Smith, the Museum's director from 1963 to 1987, contributed to the Museum's growth by promoting popular culture and mundane materials that mirrored the social climate of the time. In 1979, the Museum was renamed the American Craft Museum and moved to a larger location at 44 West 53rd Street. Expansion was necessary as the Museum continued to grow, and it moved again in 1986 to 40 West 53rd Street. This would be its home until 2008 when it moved to its current location on Columbus Circle.
The Museum's current home was designed by Brad Cloepfil. Controversy surrounded this move because the former building in the space, built by Huntington Hartford, was defended by preservationists who didn't want the move to destroy part of New York's heritage. The former building housed Hartford's art collection, which consisted of works from the 17th to the early-20th century. It was built in 1964 and designed by Edward Durell Stone. Along with the artwork inside, the outdated Museum represented an old New York, rough and realistic. The new building, a representation of the Modernist movement that defines much of the artwork found inside, was criticized by New Yorkers who believed the city was catering to tourists by allowing a museum that reflected Modernism to move in (more information in the New York Times article below). Never the less, the Museum of Arts and Design, the name changed in 2002, won the battle and moved into the building in September 2008.
Lovelace, Joyce. Who Was Aileen Osborn Webb?. American Craft Council. 7/25/11. Accessed 4/29/17. https://craftcouncil.org/magazine/article/who-was-aileen-osborn-webb.
Ouroussoff, Nicolai. A New Face, Renewed Mission. The New York Times. 9/25/08. Accessed 4/29/17. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/09/26/arts/design/26desi.html.