St. Mary's Orphan Asylum (1867-1900)
This map of Galveston, Texas shows the geography of the city and its likeness to an island.
The St. Mary's Orphan Asylum housed 90 children at the time of the hurricane, and included two seperate dormitories - one for boys and one for girls.
This marker, located at 69th Street and Seawall Boulevard, tells the story of the disaster on the orphanage.
Backstory and Context
As the Hurricane of 1900, as it was later called, made its way to Texas, there were few citizens who actually believed the warnings that a storm was on its way. Newer technology seemed unreliable, and some citizens put all their faith into the structure of the homes they had built, claiming that the better houses could withstand any storm. Of all the excuses for not seeking shelter, the greatest excuse derived from the idea that it was physically impossible for hurricanes to reach Texas. Basing their thoughts on prior knowledge, many believed that hurricanes could only travel northeast. The Hurricane of 1900 suddenly changed courses and traveled northwest, causing much disbelief as to whether Galveston would really receive the impact of the storm.
The St. Mary's Orphanage, located on the coast of Galveston Island, housed 90 children and 10 women at the time of the storm. The orphanage was first located inside the St. Mary's Infirmary, also located in Galveston, which opened in 1867 by the Sisters. Many children were orphaned due to the Yellow Fever, and a few years later, the Sisters moved the orphanage from inside the hospital to its new location three miles away on the beach; this location seemed promising as it was a good distance away from the city, and the Yellow Fever.1 The orphanage was one of the first structures to be hit when the storm made landfall. As it became evident that a storm was approaching, the sisters who ran the orphanage prepared for the damage. All of the children were moved into the girls' complex because it was newer and more likely to withstand the water. "The sisters cut the clothesline rope into sections and used it to tie the children to the cinctures which they wore around their waists. Each Sister tied to herself between six to eight children...some of the older children climbed onto the roof of the orphanage."3. Unaware of the absolute severity of the storm, the sisters believed they could help keep everyone together by tying the children to themselves. Once the water reached the orphanage, the clothesline prevented anyone from escaping. What the sisters thought was an escape tactic really caused the deaths of the orphanage children. They were later found on the beach, having all drowned to death from being tied together. Only three older children escaped, due to having climbed onto the roof.
The Hurricane of 1900 was deemed the deadliest hurricane the United States has ever witnessed; although the storm was strong, the casualties were so high because of careless mistakes and neglect to warnings. The hurricane resulted in so many casualties, Galveston eventually raised the city to prevent future damage, and filled in the raised section with concrete to ensure that dead bodies could never resurface; it served as a graveyard for those who died. Today, the site of the St. Mary's Orphanage, which sits on 69th Street and Seawall Boulevard, faces a Walmart Supercenter. The site of the orphanage received this marker on September 8, 1994.
2. Galveston Texas Profile. City-Data. Advameg, Inc. 2017. Accessed November 14, 2017. www.city-data.com/city/Galveston-Texas.html.
3. Original Site of the St. Mary's Orphan Asylum. Waymarking. May 27, 2007. Accessed November 14, 2017. Retrieved from www.waymarking.com/waymarks/WM1KGA_Original_Site_of_St_Marys_Orphan_Asylum.