Holly Bluff Site
Also known as the Lake George Site, Holly Bluff is one of largest prehistoric sites in Mississippi. At its peak, there were at least 28 mounds here, all of which surrounded a tall, 55-foot central mound, called Mound A. The natives who lived here belonged to the Plaquemine culture—one of the many cultures that comprised the Mississippian civilization—which existed in the lower Mississippi River basin area. Archaeologists conducted several excavations in 20th century and discovered numerous artifacts, including ceramics, shells, and animal bones. They also discovered many burials and evidence of structures on the top of mounds. The site also features remnants of an earthen wall and trench on three sides of the site; the fourth side was the river. It is believed that the wall was built for defensive purposes. Given its size and scope, Holly Bluff was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1964.
Backstory and Context
Photo: Herb Roe, via Wikimedia Commons