In 1811, the federal government authorized the first domiciliary and medical facility for Veterans. The Louis A. Johnson VA Medical Center is located on a 16-acre site adjacent to the Veterans Memorial Park and the West Virginia State Nursing Home in the city of Clarksburg, West Virginia. The facility was initially dedicated on December 7, 1950, and was enhanced with the clinical addition in 1989. Named after Louis A. Johnson, Secretary of Defense under President Truman, this medical center has been an active facility since 1960 by participating in residency and academic affiliations with West Virginia University, Fairmont State University, Alderson-Broaddus College and other nearby institutions of higher education.
Veterans Affairs Mission Statement
To fulfill President Lincoln's promise “To care for him who shall have borne the battle, and for his widow, and his orphan” by serving and honoring the men and women who are America’s Veterans
The United States has the most comprehensive system of
assistance for Veterans of any nation in the world, with roots that can be
traced back to 1636, when the Pilgrims of Plymouth Colony were at war with the
Pequot Indians. The Pilgrims passed a law that stated that disabled soldiers
would be supported by the colony.
Later, the Continental Congress of 1776 encouraged
enlistments during the Revolutionary War, providing pensions to disabled
soldiers. In the early days of the Republic, individual states and communities
provided direct medical and hospital care to Veterans. In 1811, the federal
government authorized the first domiciliary and medical facility for Veterans.
Also in the 19th century, the nation's Veterans assistance program was expanded
to include benefits and pensions not only for Veterans, but for their widows
Following the Civil War, many state Veterans homes were
established. Since domiciliary care was available at all state Veterans homes,
incidental medical and hospital treatment was provided for all injuries and
diseases, whether or not of service origin. Indigent and disabled Veterans of
the Civil War, Indian Wars, Spanish-American War, and Mexican Border period, as
well as the discharged regular members of the Armed Forces, received care at
As the U.S. entered World War I in 1917, Congress
established a new system of Veterans benefits, including programs for
disability compensation, insurance for service personnel and Veterans, and
vocational rehabilitation for the disabled. By the 1920s, three different
federal agencies administered the various benefits: The Veterans Bureau, the
Bureau of Pensions of the Interior Department, and the National Home for
Disabled Volunteer Soldiers.
The first consolidation of federal Veterans programs took
place August 9, 1921, when Congress combined all World War I Veterans programs
to create the Veterans Bureau. Public Health Service Veterans’ hospitals were
transferred to the bureau, and an ambitious hospital construction program for
World War I Veterans commenced.
World War I was the first fully mechanized war, and as a
result, soldiers who were exposed to mustard gas, other chemicals and fumes
required specialized care after the war. Tuberculosis and neuro-psychiatric
hospitals opened to accommodate Veterans with respiratory or mental health
problems. A majority of existing VA hospitals and medical centers began as
National Home, Public Health Service, or Veterans Bureau hospitals. In 1924,
Veterans benefits were liberalized to cover disabilities that were not
service-related. In 1928, admission to the National Homes was extended to
women, National Guard and militia Veterans.
The second consolidation of federal Veterans programs took
place July 21, 1930, when President Herbert Hoover signed Executive Order 5398
and elevated the Veterans Bureau to a federal administration—creating the
Veterans Administration—to consolidate and coordinate Government
activities affecting war veterans. At that time, the National Homes and
Pension Bureau also joined the VA.
The three component agencies became bureaus within the
Veterans Administration. Brig. Gen. Frank T. Hines, who had directed the
Veterans Bureau for seven years, was named the first Administrator of Veterans
Affairs, a job he held until 1945.
Dr. Charles Griffith, VA’s second Medical Director, came
from the Public Health Service and Veterans Bureau. Both he and Hines were the
longest serving executives in VA’s history.
Following World War II, there was a vast increase in the
Veteran population, and Congress enacted large numbers of new benefits for war
Veterans—the most significant of which was the World War II GI Bill, signed
into law June 22, 1944. It is said the GI Bill had more impact on the American
way of life than any law since the Homestead Act of 1862.
Currently the Veterans Health Administration, part of the
Department of Veterans Affairs, is a system of approximately 1,700 hospitals,
outpatient clinics, counseling centers and long-term care facilities that
provides care to nearly 9 million veterans annually.