Gravesite of The First Maryland Regiment 400, Battle of Brooklyn
Memorial for the Maryland soldiers placed in a mass grave
Location of the historical marker that honors the four hundred Maryland soldiers buried here.
The lot where it is suspected that the 256 men are buried.
Backstory and Context
At the time of the Battle of Brooklyn, the area was covered in swampland. Soldiers were forced to retreat through the swamps and across the East River. The Maryland 400 decided to remain and subsequently launched attack after attack against British forces of nearly 2000 men, who were held up inside an old stone house. The Maryland soldiers were under the leadership of Major Mordecai Gist, who was a Baltimore native. After the attack was over, 256 of Maryland's soldiers were killed on site while the other 144 were either captured as prisoner or fleed.
The soldiers killed were buried in a mass grave of six trenches which was located in the vacant lot with the graffiti on the wall that reads, 'NORMSKIDYGYPSY' . After the war was over, the gravesite was marked by a memorial. As time passed, the grave was forgotten, and today, many people believe there is no mass grave at 3rd Avenue and 9th Street. The City of New York bought the location of the grave and intend to do an investigation to determine if the soldiers are located there. With some doubt from the people of Brooklyn about the actual existence of this mass grave underneath the vacant lot next the American Legion building, only a placard stands to remember the lost soldiers of Maryland's First Regiment.
Moore, Tom. "Looking for the Maryland 400's Mass Grave." WYPR. 7/4/17. Accessed Web, 8/15/17. http://wypr.org/post/looking-maryland-400s-mass-grave.
Reno, Linda D. The Maryland 400 in the Battle of Long Island, 1776. Jefferson, North Carolina. McFarland & Company Inc., 2008.
Ugc. “First Maryland Regiment Mass Grave.” Atlas Obscura, Atlas Obscura, 4 July 2016, www.atlasobscura.com/places/first-maryland-regiment-mass-grave.