Coney Island (Twin Sisters Islands)
Aerial view of Coney Island, photo courtesy of the Ohio County Public Library
Aerial view of Coney Island, taken in 1888, photo courtesy of the Ohio County Public Library
Photo of Coney Island pavilion and restaurant, facing W, undated, photo courtesy of Sandra Mauck
Photo of Coney Island pavilion, undated, photo courtesy of Sandra Mauck
Sanborn Map of Coney Island, 1906, courtesy of the Ohio County Public Library
Concept drawing of Wheeling Coney Island Park as it appeared in the Wheeling News-Register, 2 January 1905, courtesy of the Ohio County Public Library
Ribbon, dated 1905, courtesy of Ohio County Public Library
Advertisement for Coney Island in the Wheeling Intelligencer, 10 June 1905, courtesy of the Ohio County Public Library
Coney Island as it appears today, facing W, taken Jan 2017, photo courtesy of Christina Rieth
Backstory and Context
The island is located in Warwood, Wheeling's northern most neighborhood. the neighborhood is named after Henry Warwood, who founded the Warwood Tool Company in 1854 in Martins Ferry. The company was relocated to Warwood in 1907.
As early as 1795, Thomas Glenn is the first known owner of the land; he bequeathed the land to his son, William, sometime before 1795. Farmers initially settled in the region north of Wheeling for its rich, fertile soil.
Farmland in Warwood made way to industrial and residential development at the turn of the century. Foreseeing the potential of Warwood’s future, R. J. McCullagh founded the Warwood Land Company in 1903. The company sold the lots at a very low price at the time, starting at $300 each. The land was far less susceptible to floods than other parts of Wheeling, and streetcars ran between Warwood and Wheeling every 15 minutes, which became excellent selling points for prospective residents. Working-class families who came to the area sought employment at the industrial plants and built their residences, businesses, and churches nearby. Coal mines were abundant in Warwood, and an oil boom hit Warwood in 1911.
Warwood became an incorporated community on May 26, 1911, and as part of the “Wheeling Greater Movement”, Wheeling annexed the Warwood neighborhood in 1919.
Hinrichs Bissett, Mabel, & Bertha Cupp Jones. Warwood: a History, 1669-1975. Ernest St. C. Benfield: 1993.
Rieth, Christina. "Warwood: a Walking Tour of its History and Architecture". Wheeling Heritage: 2017.