The Pavilion runs 350 feet by 250 feet. An open-air elliptical ring circles 100 foot overhead, supported by sixteen columnns. There are also three observation towers and a theatre built alongside the pavilion. The original roof was removed in 1976 because it was declared unstable, and it was not replaced afterward. This left the elaborate New York State road map, made of terrazzo mosaic panels and created by the Texaco Company, exposed to the weather. After the fair ended, the Pavilion was used as a roller rink for many years.
The theme for the 1964 World's Fair was Peace Through Understanding. Evident by the Civil Rights Movement and the Vietnam War protests, America was searching for unity in 1964. The World's Fair aimed to bring about some form of unity by displaying culture and technology from New York that served as evidence of global progress. Aside from the terrazzo map, popular exhibits included a 26-foot replica of the St. Lawrence hydroelectric plant, a Highway through New York which provided information on New York's industry, and local artwork displayed throughout the state.