Dr. Sophie Aberle: The Measuring Lady
In front of the Petrography National Monument Visitor center sits a sign in honor of Dr. Sophie Aberle, affectionately known as "The Measuring Lady." Dr. Aberle was a American Indian anthropologist, physician, and nutritionist known for her work with Pueblo people. A health researcher and administrator for Indian Affairs, she was born in Schenectady, New York on July 21, 1896. She received a Ph.D. from Stanford University in 1927 and a M.D. from Yale in 1930. Aberle served as Superintendent to the United Pueblos Agency, 1935-1944 and Executive Directory of the Commission on the Rights, Liberties and Responsibilities of the American Indian, 1959-1966. She died in Albuquerque in 1996.
Backstory and Context
Aberle spent much of her career working on committees for land allocation and health. She was a member of the upper Rio Grande drainage basin committee, the health committee of the All Indian Pueblo Council, the New Mexico Nutrition Committee, the White House Conference on Children in Democracy, the Committee of Maternal and Infant Mortality, Planned Parenthood, and was the chair of the board of directors for the Southwest Field Training School for Federal Service and the Commission on Rights, Liberties, and Responsibilities of American Indians.
The Pueblo Indians of New Mexico, Their Land, Economy and Civil Organization
The Indian: America's Unfinished Business
Bailey, Martha J. (1994). American Women in Science. ABC-CLIO, Inc.
Wayne, Tiffany K. (2011-01-01). American Women of Science Since 1900. ABC-CLIO.
Marilyn Ogilvie and Joy Harvey, eds. (2000). The Biographical Dictionary of Women in Science. Great Britain: Routledge. p. 6.
National Science Foundation. "A Timeline of NSF History".