Battle of Peralta
In or near this location, was the final battle of the New Mexico Campaign of 1862, on April 14. After the Mesilla Secession Convention of 1861 lead to the bottom portions of present day New Mexico and Arizona (then one territory) to join the Confederacy, Confederate forces under General Henry Sibley went north and occupied cities such as Santa Fe and Albuquerque. Union forces under General Edward Canby, went to liberate New Mexico. After the Battle of Glorieta Pass led to a major Union victory, Confederate forces fled southward. It is here at Peralta that Union forces, after obtaining another victory here, effectively kicked Confederate forces out of New Mexico into Mexico and Texas, only to occasionally raid into New Mexico until war's end.
Backstory and Context
In the famed Clint Eastwood western, The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly, a battle scene between Union and Confederate forces takes place. The battle is intended to personify the Battle of Peralta and the New Mexico Campaign in general, though obviously exaggerated.
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