Civil Rights Sit In Demonstrations
In 1961, numerous sit in demonstrations by African Americans, led by young people, largely area high school students occurred. Under the leadership of organizations including the NAACP and the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE), sit-ins, picket marches, and other forms of non-violent protests by African Americans and some white supporters began in earnest in February 1961. City police arrested protesters on charges of delinquency and disorderly conduct, but the demonstrations continued.
Many of the demonstrations centered on the 4th Street shopping district and the Kentucky/Ohio Theaters. There, African Americans were often discriminated against and harassed when attempting to make purchases or eat at certain restaurants.