This location marks the spot where Confederate troops were, for the first time, able to raise the rebel flag on Ohio soil. Confederate troops crossed the Ohio River to do this on September 2, 1862.
Albert Jenkins set out
to show the strength of the Confederacy during his reign as commander. He
wanted to defend the Kanawha Valley from the Union at all costs. To do this, he
had to deal with the Ohioans across the border. In his first few ordeals, before
becoming commander, he captured as many as thirty citizens, making him quite a
prominent individual at the time. One of the individuals that attempted to
capture him was Colonel J. S. Norton of the First Regiment of Ohio State Troops
at the present West Virginia town of Gallipolis. His attempt failed and gave
Jenkins a victory, resulting in a huge morale boost for his troops.
The brigade that he
led then headed toward St. Albans, in what would become the Battle of Scary
Creek, in which Jenkins’ men defeated the North in the first successive open
battle for the Southerners. This would further his reputation as a successful
military leader. At this time, he became the acting colonel, as George S.
Patton was wounded on the battlefield. Jenkin’s ability to take control showed
that the South could have significant strength in the Civil War. Commander
Jenkins wanted to prove to his soldiers that there was hope.
On September 2nd,
1862, Jenkins crossed the Ohio River, directly across the town of Ravenswood,
WV. It is here that he would be the first person ever to raise a Confederate flag
in the state of Ohio, where it was placed in, near the Township of Lebanon.
This significant spot was momentous in the time of the Civil War. It proved
that secession had occurred and that the North needed to recognize the
Confederacy’s attempt at separation. It is a spot that lives in infamy in the
legacy of Commander Albert Jenkins. For that reason, it is a historic site that
should be recognized.
The Border Rangers
were originally formed in Cabell County, Virginia (present-day West
Virginia). They were the first unit organized in the area and were
created in the late months of 1860, becoming an official part of the
Confederate Army in 1861. They were called Company E of the Eighth Virginia
Cavalry. The company was led by Jenkins and Ira McGinnis, the two responsible
for assembling their original volunteer unit. The crew saw action in Virginia,
West Virginia, Ohio, Tennessee, and Kentucky.
involvement with the 8th Virginia Calvary was linked to him commanding the
company. He was able to resupply his soldiers with Union weapons at one point
when they were running low. He always ensured his men would be at their
destination, and well supplied. Eventually, he died serving for the Border
Rangers he originally founded.
The unit of volunteers
that were turned into soldiers saw many more campaigns in the war. They were
highly used because of their productivity. Their first action as Confederate
soldiers was uneventful. They marched ten hours from Coalsmouth to
Barboursville on July 11th. On the 12th of July, they were ordered to leave
without firing and marched ten hours back to Coalsmouth. During this uneventful
order, the Border Rangers lost zero men.
By the 14th of July, they
began to see action. They were marching the Ohio River when they discovered a
Union steamboat. They hailed the boat to come to the bank; once the vessel
arrived at the bank, the company seized the ship. They were able to find some
swords and a few revolvers from the steamboat.
between the various states, the company saw many more battles during the time.
They saw action in places such as Scary Creek and Cloyd’s Mountain, fighting
their way across all four directions of the map, only to suffer their downfall
near their origin. In the end, they disbanded after they were forced to
surrender near Lynchburg. They fought well and hard throughout the entirety of
the Civil War, but their efforts went unrewarded with the downfall of their